26 January 2015

Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) - PoW Other Ranks 1914

The following men were serving with the Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) when they became prisoners of war of the Germans on or before Christmas Day 1914. There are 53 names in this list; quite a modest total by the standards of 1914.  Read more about this Prisoner of War data source on my 1914 PoWs page.

This data has been transcribed from the following sources which are now housed at the Imperial War Museum:

1. B.O.2 1/99. A two-page typed letter from the Irish Women's Association to the officer i/c of records, Black Watch, asking for address details of men.  Letter dated 6th March 1919

2. B.O.2 1/101. A single-sided hand-written letter confirming the men's date of capture.  Letter dated 27th December 1918
3. B.O.2 1/102. A typed letter from the Black Watch Relief Fund to the officer i/c Records. Dates of capture and comments are handwritten. Letter dated 18th December 1918.

4. B.O.2 1/103. A two-page typed letter from the Black Watch Relief Fund to the Hon Sec, Princess Mary's Xmas Fund giving names and addresses of "Prisoners of war captured before December 1914". Letter dated 19th December 1918.
5. B.O.2 1/104 is single-sided typed letter from TF Record Office, Perth to Mrs Donachie enlosing the late Pte Donachie's tin.  Letter dated 18th May 1916.
6. B.O.2 1/106. A three-page typed letter from Major Rennie,  Infantry Record Office, No 1 District, Perth, to Sir Ernest Goodhart, dated 30th January 1919.

The majority of the men were regular soldiers serving with the 1st and 2nd Battalions, but there are also men listed here who were Territorials, serving with the 1/5th (Angus & Dundee) Battalion (Territorial Force).

My full transcription of this Black Watch Prisoners of War roll call of other ranks (not reproduced here) also contains the home address or next of kin address, and date of capture against many of the men's names. Note that date of capture is also included, in many cases, on these men's medal index cards.

783 Sergeant Allan Adam
9389 Private H Alexander
87 Private John Andrews
1646 Private G Ballantine
139 Private G Black
1507 Private J Bruce
700 Private Bryant
9806 Private W Cairney
2595 Private J Clift
2230 Private W Craigie
305 Private George Cunningham
7530 Private T Dilly
2365 Private John Donachie
2514 Private E Downton
9677 Bandsman W Egerton
1819 Private D Ferguson
71 Private G Forrester
Private G Gibson
1589 Private C Glover
1369 Private J Gordon
9879 Private F Hemmingway
2391 Private E Hendry
9657 Private A Imrie
9327 Private R Ireland
9414 Private J Lawson
7135 Private W Loudfoot
9752 Sergeant J MacGregor
7224 Private L MacQueen
5973 Private W Manson
2658 Private J McDade
9752 Sergeant J McGregor
2222 Corporal A McIntosh
7298 Private P McNay
9945 Drummer W Morrison
8321 Private W Muir
9568 Private W Murrie
2619 Private Scott Oram
2280 Private P Phinn
8269 Private W Rodgers
9939 Private G Rowan
7808 Private G Selvester
1337 Sergeant W O Smith
327 Private W Squire
75 Corporal Strachan
9289 Private J Thompson
2116 Private G Watson
8240 Private H Whitcombe
3/2391 Private J L Whitton

The roll also includes the names of a handful of men who have a 1915 date of capture against their names. As they appear in the original archive, I am also including them here:

7786 Private T Mathie
2735 Corporal  James McRobbie
9818 Corporal T Neil
3282 Private P Pennycook
230 Private G Smith

The image on this post shows the Pipe Band of the Black Watch at Edinburgh Castle c1905.

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18 January 2015

Loyal North Lancashire Regiment - PoW Other Ranks 1914

The following men - the vast majority, regular soldiers with the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment - became prisoners of war of the Germans on or before Christmas Day 1914. This is an edited roll of 509 NCOs and men who were serving with the 1st Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment at their time of capture. Read more about this data source on my 1914 PoWs page.

This data has been transcribed from the following undated and badly faded source at the Imperial War Museum:

1. B.O.2 1/229: a 13-page typed document listing men of the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment who were captured on or before 25th December 1914.  

My full transcription of this Loyal North Lancs Prisoners of War roll call of other ranks (not reproduced here) also contains the home address against most of the men's names. 

2215 Private H Abbott
10492 Private H Adams
10114 Private S W Adams
8731 Sergeant T Ainsworth
3002 Private William Alker
8249 Private P Almond
8022 Private T Almond
3417 Private F Ambrose
9230 Private W F Anderson
7162 Private M Armstrong
3261 Private Thomas Ashcroft
6728 Private J Ashton
4148 Lance-Sergeant Harper P Ashworth
10427 Private H Aspden
8079 Private A Aston
10871 Acting Corporal H Austin
7058 Private C Baker
11040 Private E Balshaw
2093 Private J Bannister
4603 Private J Barnes
8243 Private H Bartlett
10667 Private P Bartley
9853 Private J H Barton
7873 Sergeant W E Baxter
7264 Lance-Sergeant J E Beeley
11665 Lance-Corporal P W Beer
1836 Private R Bennett
6725 Private T Bennett
10219 Private L Berry
6780 Private J E Bickerstaff
3120 Private William Blackburn
1524 Lance-Corporal Blackhurst
1909 Private John Bligh
8150 Lance-Corporal F G Bloys
4401 Private Richard Bolton
8989 Private J Bond
3659 Private J W Bond
3039 Private Samuel Bowers
1441 Private Albert Boyle
10478 Private J P Boyle
2941 Corporal G Bradbury
2524 Private J Bradley
8633 Private E Bradshaw
8469 Private W Brady
2312 Private F Bramble
1219 Private W Bramhall
2258 Private W Brannick
1615 Lance-Corporal W Brannigan
7957 Private T Brennan
2274 Private J Brett
3129 Private T Brice
2792 Private J W Bridges
2291 Private D Brine
4010 Corporal Norman Britton
11265 Private J Bromley
7885 Private W Broomfield
1521 Private B J Brown
1974 Private J Brown
6661 Private J Brown
6090 Private L Brown
10433 Private J Bryden
1695 Private J Buckley
10883 Private J Bulgar
9501 Lance-Sergeant F Burge
7929 Private J Burton
2766 Corporal E Byrne
4101 Private R Caffery
4116 Private J W Caine
6286 Private J Cairns
10628 Private C Caldwell
9183 Lance-Corporal J Call
10433 Private W Callander
7011 Lance-Corporal J Callick
10305 Sergeant G A Campbell
7671 Private G Carey
3386 Private J Carey
7144 Private L Carling
8131 Private J Carroll
2456 Private T Carroll
5977 Private F Carter
2634 Private Richard Cartmell
2103 Corporal H Cattell
1274 Lance-Corporal Alfred Cawley
9619 Acting Sergeant C E Chambers
2951 Private J Clare
4388 Private Joseph Clark
6410 Private F W Clarke
3376 Lance-Corporal J E Cobley
6964 Sergeant J J Cockerell
3751 Lance-Corporal Thomas Cocking
12072 Private P Collins
7774 Private T Collinson
7776 Private T E Collister
2822 Private F Conley
4164 Private W Connolly
4331 Private Nicholas Connoran
1835 Private F Conroy
3163 Private J Conroy
2376 Private J Conway
4121 Private J Conway
2255 Private G Cook
2625 Private T L Cook
3317 Private George Cope
3904 Lance-Sergeant R D Copley
2799 Private J Corrigan
3910 Private J Corrigan
2229 Private P Corrigan
4596 Private J A Costello
4326 Private R Cotton
1157 Private R Coventry
8052 Private W Cox
10633 Private E Cozier
2396 Private J Critchley
1724 Private J Crock
10007 Private J Crook
1770 Private R Crook
3935 Private William Crook
8090 Private H Cropper
1780 Lance-Corporal H Cross
9136 Sergeant E Culley
9634 Lance-Corporal C P Darcey
629 Private C Davies
2400 Private J Davies
3689 Private Robert Davies
7994 Private W Davies
10661 Private W A Davies
8407 Private C Davis
8168 Lance-Corporal J Dawber
1410 Lance-Corporal H Dawson
7096 Private H Dean
10594 Private E Delahunt
8352 Acting Corporal W J Dench
9794 Lance-Sergeant F Dennis
8294 Acting Corporal H Dennison
8547 Private J Derbyshire
1982 Private P Devamey
3722 Private Devany
4103 Private Dewhurst
10696 Private J N Diamond
3521 Private T Dickinson
9351 Private Michael Dillon
1523 Private William Dixon
1098 Private F Dodd
10247 Private P Doolen
6511 Sergeant David Doran
10622 Private C F Doughty
2398 Private J Doyle
9522 Private J C Driscall
2446 Private S Dawson
10360 Private A Duffy
2301 Private D Dunbar
3217 Private J Durkin
11639 Private W Duxbury
8904 Private G Edwards
7155 Private J Edwards
2141 Private F Evans
3762 Private Evans
4558 Private Evans
10717 Private E Fairclough
3190 Private J Farrer
10629 Private J J Fearon
3607 Private T Fiddler
3134 Private G Finch
8143 Lance-Corporal J Finlinson
6932 Private Thomas Fisher
10326 Private W Fisher
351 Lance-Corporal J Fleming
2303 Private K Flynn
3674 Private Michael Flynn
4472 Private John Forshaw
8054 Lance-Corporal T Forshaw
8907 Lance-Corporal W Foster
10864 Private W Fowler
3875 Private R Frazer
6393 Private J Gahan
6393 Private John Gahan
2065 Private J Gains
1930 Private J Gallagher
599 Corporal J Garner
2641 Private T Gavin
7832 Private C German
1642 Private E C Gerrard
2725 Corporal J Gill
3914 Private J Gilligan
10673 Private W Glover
9593 Private J Godin
10707 Private J M Godin
9344 Private Charles Andrew Golding
4438 Private Thomas Gough
1218 Private W H Gray
9763 Acting Sergeant F Greaves
10625 Private J Greaves
8147 Private W J Greaves
8590 Private W E Green
3086 Private Joseph Greenhalgh
4369 Private Robert Gregson
3353 Private T Gresty
6076 Private William Grogan
3794 Private S Hackney
7217 CQMS P Hagar
8812 Lance-Corporal A P Hall
9093 Lance-Corporal H J R Hall
4096 Private W Halme
10665 Private A Halstead
6985 Private Robert Handley
7993 Private G Hankin
11185 Private John Hannah
3016 Private James Harden Private Harding
1652 Sergeant J Hardman
2496 Private Edward Hargreaves
7860 Private A Harmer
10500 Private E Harrington
10324 Private F Harris
2110 Private Frank Harris
8881 Lance-Corporal W Harris
3389 Private J Harris
3318 Private G Harrison
3323 Private Joseph Harrison
7902 Private John Hart
1592 Private H Hart
8190 Private J Hartley
3498 Private William R Hartley
1347 Private R Hartson
7205 Private J Harvey
310 Private Robert Hastings
4089 Private John Hayhurst
7844 Lance-Corporal E Healey
1448 Private T Henning
1448 Private Thomas Henning
2187 Private J Hibbs
2508 Private J Higgins
10750 Private Charles Hill
6895 Private H Hill
6858 Private R Hilton
1282 Private F Hines
6929 Private William Hislop
1421 Corporal H Hockey
9439 Private E F Hogben
3232 Private F Holloway
4607 Private J Holt
2102 Private C Hoole
3562 Private J Houghton
3859 Private Albert Huband
1668 Corporal O Hughes
1981 Private T Hughes
7003 Private W J Humphreys
10621 Private E G Hunt
3/1242 Lance-Corporal Mark Isherwood
2298 Private J Jackson
4192 Private J Jackson
10619 Private J Jackson
10018 Private J Jackson
2838 Lance-Corporal John Johnson
6940 Private Joseph Johnson
2612 Private G Jones
7046 Private G Jones
3339 Lance-Corporal J Jones
8612 Acting Corporal J Jones
8501 Private J Joyce
2244 Lance-Corporal A Kelly
2356 Private E Kelly
6825 Private James Kerr
10463 Private E Kilbride
10477 Private E Kilbride
10374 Private D Kirby
10925 Private J Knowles
2282 Lance-Corporal John James Lamb
11082 Private J Lane
9636 Private W Lane
1148 Private J Langley
9021 Private A Lawrence
1338 Private Thomas Lawrenson
2324 Private James W Lea
4221 Private P L Lean
8638 Private P Leary
2397 Private R Leaver
10092 Private J Lee
8460 Private E H Lefley
5894 Private J Lesley
3594 Private T Lewis
6280 Sergeant J Leyland
7176 Private G D Ling
4061 Private Aaron Little
1220 Private E Lloyd
2771 Private Horatio Loftus
7160 Lance-Corporal H Lomas
5924 Lance-Corporal E Long
10060 Private H Lonsdale
3668 Private Albert Lovatt
1198 Private Edward Lowe
8537 Private G Lowe
689 Private John Lunt
3728 Private Thomas Makin
7810 Lance-Corporal W Maloney
1928 Private H Marks
3338 Private J Marland
4651 CQMS James Marquis
6678 Private W Marshall
3548 Private Thomas Martyr
2717 Private J Massey
4081 Private Robert Mather
8607 Private W Matthews
10797 Private W May
2970 Private J McCormick
2690 Private M McCoy
3293 Private H McCullock
4136 Private Alexander McDonald
11391 Private J McDonald
10674 Private J McDougall
10882 Private E McGowan
2392 Private D McGregor
6904 Private P McIntyre
4493 Private McKay
10260 Private W McKinley
2791 Lance-Corporal William John McMechan
8332 Private A McNally
2549 Private W McNamara
3978 Private J McNeally
3982 Private T Melia
5875 Lance-Corporal W Mercer
1300 Private F Meredith
2554 Private Joseph Meredith
1300 Private T Meredith
9297 Sergeant T H Middleton
10341 Private C J R Miller
**38 Private Milton
1145 Private Edward Miskell
8419 Private J Mitchell
10690 Private R Mitchell
11026 Private R Molloy
4362 Private Thomas Moon
3087 Private Thomas Morris
3579 Private George Morrison
2409 Private R Morrison
7077 Lance-Sergeant R Morrison
10490 Private C Moxham
2872 Private Dominic Mulgrew
3100 Private George J Mulhearn
7946 Private J Mullen
2454 Private J Murphy
10400 Lance-Sergeant J Murray
10388 Lance-Corporal S Murray
5536 CQMS W Murray
10616 Private J Muskett
2650 Private Ernest Newton
9939 Lance-Corporal C S Nicholls
8179 Private Alfred James Nixon
8859 Private M Noctor
8492 Private Richard Norbury
3083 Private W Norris
10534 Private W G Nutbeam
3038 Private Francis S Oaker
2567 Private Thomas Ogden
2011 Corporal W Orrell
6283 Private F Paine
6944 Private Joseph Parker
10681 Lance-Corporal M F Parker
6941 Private Joseph Parr
3054 Private John Partington
6844 Private Samuel Pass
1935 Private J Patten
6348 Private H G Pattison
8186 Private G Peacock
11318 Private W Pendlebury
1845 Private Mark Phillips
1520 Private O Phillips
2285 Private W Pierce
6921 Private Herbert Pilkington
10429 Private L Pogson
1740 Private F Porter
2995 Sergeant J F Porter
7685 Private D Pritchard
8877 Acting Corporal C F Puttrell
3198 Lance-Corporal Frederick Rainford
882 Sergeant F Ratchford
2304 Private J H Ratcliffe
9720 Private J Reed
1843 Private A Ribchester
10638 Private R Richardson
8139 Private J Rigby
10461 Acting Corporal J Rigby
2452 Private A Riley
6268 Private D Riley
6268 Private D Riley
3290 Private J Riley
8043 Private J Riley
6701 Private J W Riley
7835 Sergeant H R Roberts
2710 Private E Robinson
2137 Private J H Robinson
10529 Private P Robinson
1337 Private T Robinson
10481 Lance-Corporal T Robinson
3503 Private W R Robinson
9115 Lance-Sergeant J Rogers
1478 Private E Rogerson
1958 Sergeant J Roscoe
9473 Acting Corporal R Roscoe
9399 Private Robert Rothwell
6936 Sergeant Arthur Roughsedge
8899 Private H G Rowland
2767 Private J Roy
4242 Private Joseph Russell
6530 Private T V Ryan
8561 Private W Sanders
6308 Private F Scholes
6826 Acting Corporal J Seed
8175 Private A Sefton
8354 Private W R Shadbolt
10560 Private T A E Shambrook
10950 Private W Sharples
11058 Private T Shaw
4075 Private Thomas Shaw
2967 Private W Sheridan
7984 Private H Sherwood
3947 Private R Simpson
2412 Private E Skett
755 Private David Slater
10480 Private A Smith
10683 Private C Smith
11352 Private D Smith
2295 Private J Smith
3243 Private J Smith
2462 Private J Smith
5892 Private J Smith
2604 Private T Smith
10336 Private T Smith
7863 Private W E Smith
4226 Private William Smith
4262 Private William Smith
3220 Private T Sneeth
1629 Private P Southern
6772 Lance-Corporal G Stanley
8624 Private J Stanley
9042 Private H H Stannard
2803 Private E Stephens
8126 Private J Stevenson
7168 Private W Stevenson
6367 Private A Stockton
1211 Lance-Corporal J Stone
6574 Private J Strain
10389 Private W Strickland
7884 Private D Stuart
1792 Private J Stubbins
2652 Private B Sugden
3434 Private Thomas Briscoe Sumner
3141 Private E Swain
2687 Private G Sweeney
10464 Acting Corporal J Sweeney
10903 Private J Sweeney
1261 Private E Taylor
1192 Private J Taylor
3485 Private J Taylor
10583 Private T Taylor
9603 Lance-Corporal W Taylor
10584 Acting Corporal W A Taylor
7813 Private J Thistlethwaite
1994 Private G Thompson
2518 Private R Thompson
5115 CSM Thompson
10922 Private W Thornley
6648 Private T Tindle
3397 Private E Tipton
7648 Private A Tishborne
10636 Lance-Corporal W J Tomlinson
8862 Lance-Corporal J Toomey
9727 Private S Townsend
6915 Private John Joseph Tracey
8598 Private W Tracey
6427 Sergeant E Trigg
7020 Private William Vickers
11358 Corporal R Waddilove
6153 Lance-Corporal L Walders
1681 Private C Walker
6226 Lance-Sergeant J Wall
7011 Private William Arthur Charles Waller
2026 Private E Walsh
11092 Private J Ward
10786 Private J W Ward
10504 Private E H Warren
4929 CSM Walter Waterhouse
1763 Private J Welsh
7915 Private J Welsh
2296 Private John Westworth
9772 Private J Wheatland
10334 Private B Whelan
9015 Acting Sergeant G White
8132 Private J R White
1736 Private T Whitehead
7871 Private E Whittaker
7128 Private H Whittaker
1386 Private R Whittle
10620 Lance-Corporal G Wicks
2517 Private J Wild
3990 Private B Wildie
6552 Private G Wilfred
2188 Private W Wilkins
3908 Private Peter G Wilkinson
7112 Private W Wilkinson
9491 Private J Wilson
2592 Private William Windle
8303 Private H Winn
2345 Private J Winston
8540 Private R Wolstenholme
7730 Private A Wood
10428 Private S Wood
2583 Private William Henry Worswick
1285 Corporal E Worthington

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11 January 2015

KRRC casualties, 10th January 1915

Yesterday, on my WW1 Remembrance blog, I posted brief details of King's Royal Rifle Corps deaths a hundred years ago. As with all of my posts on that blog, I choose names at random and never really know how much I'm going to find out about the individuals when I set out to commemorate them. That's one of the many joys of military research.

I thought it might be an idea though, to use this post to dig a little deeper into those KRRC men's regimental numbers. I have not checked surviving service records to see how many of the men still have papers and so what follows is a toe-in-the-water on this topic; a brief over-view.

The KRRC, like the Rifle Brigade, employed a variety of number and letter prefixes. In fact, between the two regiments, they'd covered a good deal of the alphabet by the time the armistice was signed in November 1918.

The majority of the men who died on the 10th January 1915 have no number or letter prefixes and their numbers range from 2378 (Rifleman Charles Edward Allen) to 11996 (Rifleman George Winnall). All of the men with numbers in this range were regular, career soldiers. Using the Index, I located the post for regular King's Royal Rifle Corps enlistments and could then see at a glance that Rifleman Allen joined in 1899, whilst Rifleman Winnall was a war-time enlistment who joined in 1914. (In fact I checked to see whether either man has a surviving service record. Charles Allen does not, but George Winnall's badly damaged papers show that he joined on 5th September 1914).

My page on number prefixes gives further information about the A/, R/ and Y/ prefixes used by the King's Royal Rifle Corps.

1. A/ prefixes (for the period we are looking at) were issued to men who had seen prior military service and were time-expired.
2. R/ prefixes were issued to men who joined as New Army men for wartime service only.
3. Y/ prefixes were issued to men who joined the Special Reserve but some Y/ prefixes are also found issued to men who joined for three years or the duration of the war.

Three men have the A/ prefix.  A/3226 Tom Clark was 31 years old when he re-enlisted with his old regiment on 31st August 1914. He had seen prior service with the 4th King's Royal Rifle Corps. No papers appear to survive for A/2184 Rfm Alfred Houghton or A/2819 Rfm James Perks.

As one might expect, there are relatively few men whose numbers carry the R/ prefix (although still more than I would have expected for this early on in the war):

R/843 Rifleman Francis Gideon Taylor, 2nd Bn.
R/5752 Rifleman Austen Joseph Damen, arrived France 23rd November 1914
R/5753 Rifleman William Bainbridge, arrived France 23rd November 1914
R/5798 Rifleman Lloyd Owen Lloyd Price, arrived France 23rd November 1914
R/5827 Rifleman Joseph Caizergues, arrived France 29th November 1914
R/5851 Rifleman John George Owens, arrived France 23rd November 1914
R/5954 Rifleman John Henry Mackenzie, 2nd Bn.

If nothing else, this certainly demonstrates how quickly some men were sent to the Front. Francis Gideon Taylor joined in September 1914 whilst the others in this group all joined in the first two weeks of October. As you can see, the majority were overseas by November 1914.

Six men have the Y/ prefix appearing against their numbers:

Y/40 Rifleman George Barrett, 2nd Bn. Enlisted for one year or duration. 10 years' prior service with KRRC militia.
Y/299 Rifleman Thomas Edmondson, 2nd Bn. No surviving WW1 papers.
Y/657 Rifleman Charles Henry Bradbeer. Short service, no prior military service.
Y/1087 Rifleman William Randall, 2nd Bn.  No surviving WW1 papers.
Y/1263 Rifleman Leon Harry Alcock, 2nd Bn. No surviving WW1 papers.
Y/1281 Corporal Charles Eckoff, 2nd Bn. No surviving WW1 papers.

Of the above men, papers survive in WO 97 for Charles Eckhoff who, like George Barrett, had prior service with the KRRC militia and as a regular soldier. He was discharged as a time-expired KRRC regular in 1912. Further research would need to be undertaken to see if papers survive for other men with the Y/ prefix/

Finally, 5/4908 George Hayden was 37 years old when he signed up on the 11th August 1914. He indicated at the time of his attestation that he had also seen prior service, but the finer detail is not recorded on the attestation. His attestation paper is - as one might expect from the 5/ prefix to his number - that of the Special Reserve. The letter of the law of that attestation was obviously not carried through as he was overseas by November 1914.

Pictured at the head of this post are, from left to right, Second Lieutenant James Fairfax Amphlett Morton, and Lieutenant Malcom Eyton Lawrence. Both men had their portraits and potted biographies published in De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour after the war.

Forty-three men; a real mix of regulars, time-expired regulars, war-time recruits, and Special Reserve and all united forever with a common date of death: 10th January 1915.

4 January 2015

The Long, Long Trail - soldiers' numbers

I just noticed that this blog gets a mention, and a link, on Chris Baker's, The Long, Long Trail website. This is, in my opinion, still the number one First World War resource online and I visit it daily. The site is both informative, intuitive and has good search functionality. If it's not already in your bookmarked list, I'd suggest it probably should be.  The image above is taken from The Long, Long Trail.

I also offer a comprehensive, fast and cost-effective military history research service. Follow the link for more information.

1 January 2015

1st Life Guards - PoW Other Ranks 1914

The following list of 16 1st Life Guards NCOs and men has been transcribed from the Imperial War Museum's collection, specifically the following items:
  • B.O.2 1/59.  A nominal roll of repatriated prisoners of war from the 1st Life Guards and Dragoons attached to the 1st Life Guards. This list was submitted on 22nd January 1919 by the officer in charge of 1st Life Guards records.
  • B.O.2 1/166. A single page letter and single page typed list to Sir Ernest Goodhart which was sent from 7 Balfour Place, Park Lane, London W1 and dated 20th December 1918.
My full transcription of this collection (not reproduced here) also contains home addresses for most of the men.

2753 Corporal O Basson
2483 Trooper Brown
3047 Trooper C Clark
2863 Trooper A Chapman
2771 Trooper F Freegard
2570 Corporal A Fabray
2895 Trooper J Geeves
2431 Trooper P Groom
2518 Corporal-Saddler R Groombridge
2438 Trooper E Henley
2502 Corporal J Kitson
2574 Trooper G Law
2653 Corporal R Lewis
2694 Trooper G Ormston
2872 Trooper S Tubb
2852 Trooper P Westcott

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23 December 2014

Royal Engineers - Dorsetshire Fortress Company 1908-1914

Here's a taster from my Royal Engineers' database, a corps I've largely, and inadvertently, neglected on this blog due to concentrating on infantry and cavalry.

The Dorsetshire Fortress Company was tiny. Formed in 1908 it consisted of a single Territorial Force Electric Lights Company and was administered by the Dorsetshire County Association. Writing in 1909, Walter Richards, in His Majesty's Territorial Army, wrote of the Dorsetshire Fortress Company:

"It may claim a distinguished place amongst the corps called into existence by the Territorial Forces Act, having since May 1909 its strength up to establishment, 137 of all ranks and... possessing the complete equipment prescribed by regulation."

My database notes that 132 Robert Long joined on 25th May 1909 and 138 Charles Derrick joined on 25th June 1909. Thus number 137, referred to by Walter Richards must have joined a good three weeks before Charles Derrick who presumably had to wait until someone left the unit before he could attest as number 138.

Here are some regimental numbers and attestation dates for the Dorsetshire Fortress Company between 1908 and October 1914. Six digit numbers from the number block 516001 to 518000 which were issued in 1917 are also noted. The lowest six digit number was given to the longest serving man, the second lowest six digit number to the next longest serving man, and so on.

68 / 516007 issued on 30th November 1908
138 / 516013 issued on 25th June 1909
154 / 516017 issued on 7th November 1910
194 / 516021 issued on 17th August 1911
203 / 516034 issued on 4th July 1912
241 / 516052 issued on 23rd May 1913

By 1914 the Company was headquartered at Sidney Hall, Weymouth, with a drill station at Portland and formed part of the Southern Coast Defences.

516061 issued on 9th April 1914
286 / 516065 issued on 5th August 1914
297 / 516074 issued on 28th September 1914
328 / 516097 issued on 1st October 1914

This is my last post on this blog this year. My thanks to everyone who has visited these pages over the past year, a year of particular significance to those of us who hold dear the memory of the 1914-18 generation. My thanks too for visitors to this blog who have subsequently commissioned research. I look forward to undertaking more projects in 2015.

14 December 2014

Essex Regiment - PoW Other Ranks 1914

The following list of 44 Essex Regiment NCOs and men has been transcribed from the Imperial War Museum's collection, specifically item B.O.2 1/181 which is a three-page hand-written (as well as faded and undated) list of Essex Regiment men who became prisoners of war prior to 25th December 1914.  My full transcription of this collection (not reproduced here) also contains home addresses for most of the men.

Although it is not explicitly stated, all of these men must have been captured whilst serving with the 2nd Battalion, Essex Regiment as this was the only battalion of the Essex Regiment that was on the Western Front in 1914.

The roll:

10167 Private J Barry
8594 Sergeant E Binnie
10072 Private G W Bull
8250 Private W Claxton
8166 Private Sidney Crozier
7375 Private J Donnelly
10172 Private J Edwards
10203 Private G Eley
7929 Private D Elliott
8535 Private J Ellis
7771 Private H J Gillson
10199 Private G Graham
9432 Private H Groom
8938 Private A Grover
8897 Private H Guy
8183 Private F Housden
9465 Private E E Jennings
9920 Lance-Corporal C E James
8151 Lance-Corporal A Jordan
10133 Private H Kemp
8375 Private F W Manning
8472 Lance-Corporal G R Minshall
8885 Private F Medcalf
8127 Private E Minett
7186 Corporal T Morris
10030 Private P T Powell
7903 Private C Pratt
8105 Private M Radford
8434 Private E C Reynolds
8304 Private W Rawlings
10126 Private W A Richer
8214 Private W Rogers
7823 Private W H Ryan
10107 Private J W Sims
7864 Private P Smith
9573 Corporal J J Smyrk
7808 Private G Tarbun
7527 Private H A Taylor
9321 Private G M Took
8738 Private H Walsh
9198 Corporal J R H Warner
7732 Corporal E Whitwell
7977 Private W E White
4155 CQMS E T West

Read more about this data source on my 1914 PoWs page. The image on this post shows men of the 2nd Battalion, Essex Regiment in Norwich on the 10th August 1914. I will be happy to acknowledge the source of this image which is currently unknown to me.

Since publishing this post, I have been sent scans of a postcard which was sent back to the UK by one of the men listed above: 8250 Private W Claxton. His home address on B.O.2 1/181 is noted as 5 York Road, Barking and I presume that the Mr Lungley who he is writing to in Barking, is his employer. Private Claxton joined the Essex Regiment in 1904 and so had almost certainly been a reservist since 1911 or 1912 and was back in Civvy Street when Britain went to war in 1914. His medal index card records that he arrived in France on the 22nd August 1914. I am grateful to John Morgan for sending me the postcard images which I reproduce below.

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7 December 2014

Irish Guards - PoW Other Ranks 1914

Here are some more PoWs; this time an edited list of 89 Irish Guards NCOs and men who became prisoners of war on or before 25th December 1914. Read more about this data source on my 1914 PoWs page.

This data has been transcribed from the Imperial War Museum's collection, specifically item B.O.2 1/140 which is a two-page typed list sent to Sir Ernest Goodhart by the officer in charge of Irish Guards records at Buckingham Gate and dated 29th January 1919. My full transcription of this Irish Guards PoW collection (not reproduced here) also contains the following information against some or all of the names:

Home address
Next of kin
Next of kin's address

The roll:

3220 Guardsman B G Anderson
1771 Guardsman C Baker
1570 Lance-Corporal J Bracken
4001 Guardsman E W Brown
2160 Guardsman J P Burke
2967 Guardsman J Burke
2997 Guardsman W Burrows
1446 Guardsman M Byrne
3159 Lance-Corporal J Cannon
3902 Guardsman P Cassley
4187 Guardsman P Cavanagh
3014 Guardsman T Cavanagh
3857 Guardsman E Churchouse
3707 Guardsman T Connolly
2221 Guardsman W Connolly
3675 Guardsman P Connelly
4303 Guardsman J Cromwell
4555 Guardsman Michael Deighan
2172 Guardsman J Desmond
4467 Lance-Corporal T Dolan
3727 Guardsman W Donaldson
2678 Guardsman O Donoghue
3952 Guardsman J Doyle
2933 Guardsman E Duggan
1280 Guardsman J Dunne
1920 Guardsman J Ellis
2051 Guardsman J Farmer
3476 Lance-Sergeant J Fay
3922 Guardsman F J Ferman
2681 Guardsman J Fitzpatrick
3392 Sergeant J Flanagan
2158 Guardsman P Fogarty
593 Guardsman P Gilchrist
4339 Guardsman R Glendon
1069 CSM M Graham
3252 Guardsman D Greene
1524 Guardsman G Haslam
3199 Guardsman J Hatton
2107 Sergeant J Hayes
4505 Guardsman P Hayes
4393 Guardsman M Healy
2440 Guardsman P Heslin
3121 Guardsman P Holden
2360 Guardsman S Irvine
3479 Guardsman W Kerr
4335 Lance-Corporal M Kilbride
3208 Guardsman L Kilpatrick
1696 Lance-Corporal W Linane
3491 Guardsman W Leslie
3286 Guardsman T Ludlow
1026 Guardsman A Lynch
58 Guardsman A Macaulay
1945 Lance-Corporal J Mahoney
3574 Guardsman M Mahoney
3126 Guardsman T Mason
1239 Guardsman C McKinley
3612 Guardsman W McDonald
460 Guardsman J McGrory
1519 Guardsman T Meagher
3377 Guardsman J Morris
3658 Lance-Corporal P Morriss
3840 Guardsman J Molloy
2205 Guardsman J Muldoon
972 Guardsman F Murray
4391 Guardsman W Murray
1537 Guardsman D Murphy
2472 Guardsman J Murphy
4184 Guardsman J O'Connell
2475 Guardsman T O'Connell
110 Lance-Corporal J O'Hare
3528 Guardsman J O'Keefe
2435 Guardsman P O'Reilly
4413 Guardsman J O'Sullivan
1527 Guardsman J Parrott
1810 Guardsman M Quinn
3295 Guardsman J Rooney
2886 Guardsman J Roache
3214 Guardsman D Rourke
3557 Guardsman P Ryan
2950 Guardsman P Sheridan
2585 Guardsman F Shortall
3302 Corporal F Stinson
3614 Guardsman J Strutt
3749 Guardsman J Sullivan
2629 Guardsman J Welsh
2510 Sergeant D Walsh
3876 Guardsman E Ward
3395 Guardsman J McWharters
1795 Guardsman P Sullivan
3749 Guardsman J Sullivan

Any errors in transcription are my own.

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29 November 2014

ACI 144 - May 1915

The catchy little title of this blog was the British Army's attempt to make some sense of duplicate numbering within regiments, hence the issue of this Army Council Instruction in May 1915. In my experience, the letter of the law was not rigorously applied but at least we can see that an effort was being made.
My thanks to Graham Stewart for sending through this ACI.
I also offer a comprehensive, fast and cost-effective military history research service. Follow the link for more information.

23 November 2014

12th Lancers - PoW Other Ranks 1914

The following men were all serving with the 12th Lancers when they were captured in 1914. Read more about this data source on my 1914 PoWs page. This data has been transcribed from the Imperial War Museum's collection, specifically item B.O.2 1/238.  My full transcription of these men (not reproduced here) also contains the man's home address.

The roll:

2788 Private J Adams
698 Private G Allen
765 Private R Asher
974 Private T Barker
4729 Private A Barnwell
2532 Private T Caffrey
814 Private F Cooper
1811 Private C F Dixie
2734 Private P Dunphy
3223 Private J Egan
3367 Private C Fray
5940 Private P Gatehouse
3141 Private B Grant
5877 Private P Griffin
3127 Private A Hensby
4394 Private E Hockey
4823 Private F Hodgson
3946 Private A C Horrell
4214 Private R James
6611 Private S Kendall
2454 Private L Keene
4316 Private A Kisby
4802 RQMS William T Lawes
1465 Private Frederick Lloyd
1810 Private Arthur E Lunn
2539 Private Cyril C Lunn
3339 Private H Marshall
4236 Private F Mathers
917 Private F Milnes
5635 Private T Melhuish
703 Private A Morgan
3896 Squadron Trumpeter William H Mowlam
1347 Private John Muldowney
4161 Private A Newbury
4398 Private C Oakey
3251 Private R Oldfield
2899 Private W Pearson
3796 Private A Payne
1873 Private J Petty
752 Private F Pownceby
148 Private L Hixon
709 Private E Sharpe
5907 Private A Smith
3126 Private F Scammell
3142 Private L Steer
799 Private C J Stubbs
5337 Private H E Stockwell
726 Private A H Thomas
4340 Private W R Thomas
5904 Private H Toothill
456 Private Charles Twort
5958 Private J Wells
3237 Private C Wilkinson
4150 Private H Williams

I also offer a comprehensive, fast and cost-effective military history research service. Follow the link for more information.

12 November 2014

Duplicate numbers

A visitor to one of my posts yesterday expressed surprise that someone listed on that post had the same number as his ancestor. How could that be?

I have covered this very common topic elsewhere but here's a quick overview of how this happens; and for the purpose of this post I'm going to refer to infantry only.

1. In July 1881 all line infantry regiments, with the exception of the Rifle Brigade, commenced a new numbering series which began at 1 on 1st July 1881. So straightaway you have the first 68 duplicate numbers.
2. The militia battalions for each regiment each had their own number series too. Most regiments had two militia battalion and each of these battalions would have had its own number series. These militia battalions often recruited at a similar rate and it is quite often the case that I see numbers in the two battalions keeping pace with each other, neck and neck, over the years.
3. When the Territorial Force was formed in April 1908 the majority of its battalions started a new number series beginning at 1 although there were many notable exceptions, some of which I have drawn attention to on this blog.
4. When Britain went to war with Germany in August 1914 and new service battalions started forming, many of these battalions also started numbering from 1.

So by 1914 it would be possible, in a typical line regiment to see the same regimental number appearing in the regular battalions, the Special Reserve, the Extra Reserve and each Territorial Force battalion. Some numbers were prefixed with letters or numbers which can make identification of a particular battalion easier for today's researchers, but the application of these prefixes in documents of the time was inconsistent to say the least.

This blog only covers a fraction of the number series that would have been issued between 1881 and 1918 but I have much unpublished information on ALL infantry battalions and most corps besides. Use the index tab to navigate around corps, regiments and battalions but if you get stuck, or need additional help, have a look at the RESEARCH tab.

7 November 2014

The Great War Medal Collectors' Companion - Vol II


I have mentioned this Howard Williamson's Great War Medal Collectors' Companion - Vol II on my Army Ancestry blog and I see today that Naval & Military Press are promoting this quite heavily. Howard has undertaken some mammoth research here and I collaborated with him on elements of this second volume. It's gratifying to see that both I and this blog, have been name-checked in the N&MP release (above). Click on the image above or the link to order this volume. I gather from the author that it is selling fast, so don't miss out.

This from Naval and Military Press:

The contents of Volume II are as follows: FIRST CHAPTER [Chapter 6] A STUDY OF THE REGIMENTAL NUMBERS OF THE BRITISH ARMY AND DOMINION FORCES DURING THE GREAT WAR [Awarded OMRS Silver Medal 2013] This incredible study comprises 200 pages packed with information on the regimental numbers and prefixes allocated to the Soldiers of the Great War.

For the section on Line Regiments, the Author collaborated closely with Paul Nixon, whose internet blog on Regimental Numbers provided much additional information to that compiled by the Author. The Territorial re-numberings of 1917 are all included, plus information on which number blocks were allocated to those in action on the First Day of The Somme.


The Sections on the Corps include:

ASC: All the prefixes shown with their number range are explained and the units employing them are identified. Labour Corps. The numbers for the Labour Companies and the Regiments to which they are affiliated plus a table linking regimental numbers and transfer details and dates.

RAMC: All Territorial re-numberings including refinements to include field ambulances plus notes on number blocks prior to TF renumbering.

RAOC: Prefixes and number ranges explained.

Military Police: Notes from Paul Nixon's blog on dates of enlistment.

RAVC: Notes on prefixes and numbers.

RA: Territorial re-numberings. Prefixes explained.

RE: Notes on all number bands including a refined version of the TF numberings, Tunnelling, Gas and other companies identified as associated with certain number blocks.

Tank Corps: Origins of personnel revealed plus number blocks to specific battalions.


Sections on AIF, CEF SA, NZEF. Regimental Numbers. An A to Z of Regimental Letter & Number Prefixes, covering all units including Navy and RND.

SECOND CHAPTER [Chapter 7] ABBREVIATIONS FOUND ON GREAT WAR CAMPAIGN MEDALS AND DOCUMENTS This 140 page Chapter is the result of 25 years work by the Author. Sources for the information include: Medals from private collections; Medals observed at the major London (and other) auctions; Medal Index Cards; Official Documents; eBay medal sales; plus information supplied by friends, medal dealers, and collectors. The study records not only the abbreviation as it appears on the medal and its interpretation, but also many useful annotations giving further information about the rank or unit.

Main contents are: British and Commonwealth Unit abbreviations. MIC abbreviations [Expanded from Vol I].British and Commonwealth Rank abbreviations. Rank & Unit abbreviations found on Documents. British Naval Rank and Unit abbreviations. Relative Ranks Army and Navy. Indian Ranks explained. Military appointments and ranks.

This section includes additional information on the following: The Wauchope Medal; Flat Back Suspensions on WW1 Stars; The Memorial Plaque additional notes; Manufacture of WWI Medals – a summary; Complete lists of proposed Battle Clasps for both the Army & Navy; Comrades of the Great War magazine; Jutland Medal, Lady Beatty; Annotated DCM Gazettes; Additions to 1.7.16 DCM Roll; Naming issues on Great War medals; also included are some revisions to tables in Vol I plus odd typographical errors corrected.

INDEX: A user friendly Index completes the book.

I also offer a comprehensive, fast and cost-effective military history research service. Follow the link for more information.

3 November 2014

1st (King's) Dragoon Guards - PoW Other Ranks 1914

The following six men were all serving with the 1st Dragoon Guards when they were captured in 1914. Read more about this data source on my 1914 PoWs page. This data has been transcribed from the Imperial War Museum's collection, specifically item B.O.2 1/45,  B.O.2 1/57 and B.O.2 1/59. My full transcription of these men (not reproduced here) also contains the following information against some or all of the names:

Home address
Next of kin

Next of kin's address

The roll:

4251 Lance-Corporal Frederick C Brock
5678 Private W Hill
5546 Trooper W Jackson
6213 Trooper J R Lambard
5965 Private W H Lush
5919 Corporal Harry J Smith

I also offer a comprehensive, fast and cost-effective military history research service. Follow the link for more information.